Moscow, July 21, 2015. — Draft law on introducing amendments to the Federal law “On communications” prepared by Minsvyaz and amendments to the Russian Code of Administrative Violations were published on the Federal portal of draft regulatory acts. Amendments establish responsibilities for enterprises and entrepreneurs for organization of public Wi-Fi networks without identification of users and their equipment. Penalties will vary from five to fifty thousand rubles for entrepreneurs and from 100 thousand rubles to 200 thousand rubles for enterprises. Individual entrepreneurs will pay from ten thousand rubles to 100 thousand rubles or will be disqualified for a term up to three years for further violations, enterprises — from two thousand rubles to three thousand rubles.
Minsvyaz, the Federal Security Service, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and Ministry of Economic Development are cooperatively developing this draft law. It is supposed to oblige enterprises and individual entrepreneurs to provide free access to Wi-Fi in public places strictly with availability of agreement with telecom operator on identification of users. Starting from the first quarter of 2016 it is planned to establish administrative responsibility for violation of identification order.
State Commission for Telecommunications decided to develop a regulatory act on the meeting that took place on May 27, 2015 under chairmanship of Arkady Dvorkovich. Nikolay Nikiforov noted that many public Wi-Fi points still don’t provide identification of users. He also said that it’s important to establish responsibility of enterprises and individual entrepreneurs for violation of Russian legislation in Russian Code of Administrative Violations.
Amendments to the Federal law “On communications” were adopted in pursuance of the Federal law №97 on May 5, 2014 “On introducing amendments to the Federal law ‘On information, information technologies and protection of information’ and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation on coordination of information exchange with the use of infocommunication networks.” Draft law was prepared by the group of the State Duma members headed by Irina Yarovaya, Chairman of the State Duma Anti-Corruption and Security Committee. It was introduced for consideration of the State Duma in January, 2014 with the package of anti-terrorism laws. This draft law corresponds to general international practice.
Governmental order №758 on July 31, 2014 and №801 on August 12, 2014 expanded possibilities for identification of communication network users, including identification in public Wi-Fi points. Telecom operators were provided with an opportunity to carry out identification not only via passport and mobile number, but also via data of the Unified System of Identification and Authentication or with the use of login and password from the Unified Public Services Portal (UPSP). Since July 13, 2015 users are able connect to Wi-Fi in Zamoskvoretskaya and Sokolnicheskaya underground lines via UPSP login and password.